Types of foundations and their differences
The foundations main functions:
1) represents the basis, one of the building most important elements;
2) bears the load from the walls, is responsible for the building stability and immobility;
3) thermal protection (to ask Tagir for the wording)
4) protect the building walls from moisture and temperature changes, increase your building service life;
5) keeps your building safe from animals and insects;
6) protects the building from soil vibrations (irrelevant for the middle lane); and
7) protects the building from harmful soil vapors.
The main types of foundations
1) Pile Foundation. At the same time, there are 2 types of piles: iron screw piles and reinforced concrete driven piles. Such a foundation advantage consists in the cost, this is the most cost-effective way. This type of foundation is well suited for non-permanent residences (country houses, summer houses), for small buildings, such as a bathhouse, sheds, a car garage, etc.
2) Shallow-Depth Strip (Girder) Foundation. This type of foundation represents a concrete strip that is laid around the building entire perimeter and under the load-bearing walls. The strip depth is 15-20 cm. The strip shall be a good solution for small buildings.
3) Pile-Supported Raft Slab Foundation. This is a combination of pile and strip foundations. It represents the concrete drilled-driven piles connected by a concrete grillage.
4) Monolithic Slab Foundation. The most reliable type of foundation.
A monolithic foundation is poured with concrete mortar directly on site according to an individual project, taking into account the soil characteristics directly under your building.